(Did I just say chicken wire? At least if you like things neat and pretty like I do! Inter-planting can be defined as planting different crops in adjoining areas to take advantage of differences in growing habits, light requirements or nutrient needs. Live and Learn! I got a number of railroad ties for free. This technique may be useful for container growing or where space is extremely limited, but will demand correspondingly more attention by the gardener. (I guess it really just depends on how long your arms are!). Biointensive sustainable garden plants include any plants you can plant in your garden. Properly amended raised beds will have soil loose and friable enough to be turned easily with a shovel. No need to till the path ways. Smaller gardens require less labor and expense than larger gardens. The difference is how they are grown. Remember, it’s YOUR garden. Carrots take about 15-20 days to sprout and 90 days to reach maturity; radishes come up quickly and are ready for harvest in only 30 days, so when planting carrots from seed in your garden you can plant radishes at the same time, just tuck them in between the rows of carrots. Redwood or western red cedar of at least two-inch thickness are long-lasting, or you may use pressure-treated wood. The gardener can concentrate soil improvement efforts in a smaller area, and, with careful management, small gardens can produce sufficient vegetables for fresh eating during the growing season, and perhaps extra produce for preserving. By the time the tomato plants are bearing, the lettuce or radishes will be harvested. The tragic reality is that very few sustainable systems are designed or applied by those who hold power, and the reason for this is obvious and simple: to let people arrange their own food, energy, and shelter is to lose economic and political control over them. And to think I could have saved myself all that trouble by NOT using raised beds in the first place! Melons and squashes do not naturally twine and will have to be trained initially by weaving stem ends through mesh openings. The beds will settle some through the growing season of course. Inter-plant lettuce with pole beans; the lettuce will be slower to bolt when growing in the partial shade provided by the taller beans. 1.2: Vertical Gardening The use of trellises, nets, strings, cages, or poles to support growing plants constitutes vertical gardening. (unless of course that’s your intention!). Grow crops that are richer in calories. Use small tools like onion hoes, or pull weeds by hand. The fast growing radish acts as … Here are the principles and methods of intensive vegetable gardening: Soil improvement: The soil is well-prepared before planting. Calorie-dense crops such as potatoes are emphasized in order to achieve this in a small area. Insect protection is an extra benefit of using slings, especially if the entire fruit is wrapped. Better yet, use mulches (mulch, MULCH!!) Space plants by thinning or transplanting so they are evenly spaced in the beds. Additionally, vegetable plants can be trained on trellises to provide welcome summer shade to smaller cooler seasonal things like lettuce, spinach, or beets; or privacy screens, as well as to produce food for the table. Choose High-yield Crops. Remember that later planted succession crops mature faster than earlier planted ones because growing conditions, especially temperature and light intensity, usually are more favorable. Types and Installation Intensive gardening methods The purpose of an intensively grown garden is to harvest the most produce possible from a given space. Smaller gardens also require careful management. They are cheap and they aren’t hard to move around either! Privacy Policy, « Tomato Sauce—Basic, Herbed, or Vegetables Added. See more ideas about vegetable garden, organic gardening, gardening tips. Beds are a more efficient way to organize the garden than rows, especially for small-sized vegetables. Growing plants closer together demands particular attention to pest control, fertilization and training of plants. Intensive inter-cropping, along with companion planting, will provide the maximum amount of food production, and will reduce your garden size, water and nutrient requirements, and allow you to grow the healthiest plants. We know how to solve every food, clean energy, and sensible shelter problem in every climate; we have already invented and tested every necessary technique and technical device, and have access to all the biological material that we could ever use. Some growing seasons can complicate trying to stagger plantings. Consider the eventual harvest size of the vegetables you inter-plant, and space them so that at maturity they will just be touching each other. Developing fruit can be supported with slings made from used stockings or rags. Year-round gardening is my ultimate goal. We may also earn a commission from purchases made at other retailers linked from our site. The BEST thing in the world I have found are cattle panels. Root crops like beets and carrots also will thrive in the looser soils of beds. La Finca del Sur. Soil improvement efforts are focused on the beds alone, not in the paths. So step one in intensive gardening is soil preparation. A common error in inter-planting is crowding vegetable plants. Improved air circulation can even further reduce diseases. Most gardeners practice a simple succession planting in row gardens by following a lettuce planting in spring with a late crop of, say, beans, or by staggering plantings of beans or sweet corn to ensure a steady harvest. Wooden posts should be treated with a preservative or they may last only one season. An edible forest in Mexico City, Mexico with 45 tree varieties, a seed bank, and a large section of bio-intensive gardening, Huerto Tlatelolco was created with the objective of building the local community. Your email address will not be published. Make beds any convenient length, but not wider than four or five feet across for easy reaching from either side. It incorporates multiple beds. See more on these intensive gardening methods: Companion planting example: plant flowers and vegetables in one compact area in order to save space and resources. No, you did NOT hear me say that! Growing vegetables in containers is another type of intensive gardening and is described in Container Gardening. Instead of placing seedlings in rows, intensive gardening involves utilizing space-saving techniques in order to efficiently grow in a concentrated area. Permanent raised beds have supported sides. All gardeners can grow vegetables more efficiently by using some of the intensive growing techniques described here. You can first outline your freestanding beds by marking out a tilled area where you intend to make your beds. Decreasing garden size provides more yard space for other activities. Careful management is the key to successful intensive vegetable gardens. I cover various intensive and non-intensive gardening methods in-depth in my new book Grow or Die: The Good Guide to Survival Gardening. Here is a photo of my Uncle’s garden from this spring. If you get the soil from an unknown source I would strongly urge you to have it tested first. Intensive gardening is a strategic way to plan your garden beds to maximize the number of plants produced. Note: Soil preparation is the key to successful intensive gardening. Problems in intensive gardening. Certain wood preservatives can damage growing plants. These include sweet potatoes, potatoes, parsnips, and leeks. You can use slings to support fruit as it develops. Growing plants vertically can mean higher yields per base area. You also can avoid crowding by inter-planting fast growing vegetables with slow growing vegetables, for example, radishes or lettuce with tomatoes. They are about four to five feet high and I connect them with steel posts. For successful inter-planting combinations, plan your garden around the largest, longest-growing vegetable staples like tomatoes or winter squash. See below…. The gardener can sit on the edge of the bed to work. Or, do you … In this type of garden, much of the area is taken by the space between the rows. You can even design wheelchair access growing beds to be three feet high and no more than two feet wide. Some examples of these crops include wheat, Barkley, rye, and wheat. The closer spacing of inter-planted vegetables will discourage some weeds. Lots of gardeners use vertical growing to save space in the garden. Staggered plantings also work well with lettuce, radishes and other fast-yielding crops. By establishing permanent paths and beds (even if they’re NOT raised) you still will avoid compacting the soil in growing areas. You can see below in my spring planting how lush and closely planted everything is. Follow the usual fertilization guidelines for each crop in the inter-planting. Most crops are adaptable to growing in beds, but small-sized vegetables like lettuce, greens, dwarf or bush varieties and cabbage perform the best. Always handle it with gloves, and wear a mask while sawing it to avoid absorbing any of the preservative residues. Posts can be used to support plastic or string mesh, or chicken wire. The spacing should be whatever the seed packet recommends for spacing between plants. Planning an Intensive Garden The purpose of gardening intensively is to harvest as much produce as possible from a given space. It is truly a wonder to behold. If you try something that doesn’t work, well, how about that! For example, in the Southwest, Native Americans gave us the concept of the “Three Sisters” planting of corn, beans and squash. The creosote they use to soak those things is really toxic. Biointensive agriculture is an organic agricultural system that focuses on achieving maximum yields from a minimum area of land, while simultaneously increasing biodiversity and sustaining the fertility of the soil. Building and installing trellises can involve time and expense. (Source: HouzBuzz) Companion Planting. Metal posts will last longer and are easier to install than wooden ones. Orient trellises to run in an east-west direction, and locate them on the north side of the garden to avoid shading other plants. But the weeds that do grow must still be controlled. Take the Self Reliant PathCome Homestead with Us! With examples, you would get a better understanding of the entire concept. Whether raised or not, the advantage of beds is that vegetable plants can be grown more closely together. You can make a vertical frame of electrical conduit fastened with slip fittings, or 1/2 inch water pipe with threaded elbow couplings (detail). These can include bed planting, vertical growing, inter-planting, and succession planting. DON’T make the same mistake I did! Anything you can throw in a compost pile, you can use for mulch. I had always mixed in compost before but see now that this deeper preparation works magic. Do not bum scraps or use sawdust in the garden. Basically, the intensive pronouns find their purpose in putting emphasis on the statements. Tire gardening. For example, in one square foot you can grow 16 radishes, nine beets or one cabbage plant. An example of intensive gardening is growing radishes and carrots in the same space. A method of inter-planting which has received notice recently is known as “square foot gardening.” This technique (based on a book of the same name by Mel Bartholomew) involves planting vegetables very intensively. The growing area is divided into square foot sections. Disadvantages of Raised Beds. Dispose of scraps and sawdust in a landfill. Flowers will be more exposed to the wind, which may discourage pollinators like bees, and can cause flower abortion. Root crops like carrots and beets still can be sown in rows, but plant two or three rows the length of the growing bed. Transpiration is higher in plants growing upright, so they may require extra water. Making plants share space means the individual plants may yield less, but the total garden yield will be greater because the space is being used more efficiently. The tendency of the soil in raised beds to dry faster may increase the need for irrigation later in the season. Examples of Sentences Using Intensive Pronouns. Comparing 2 Popular Intensive Gardening Methods. For some people, a small-sized garden is preferable to a larger one. The pea plants will be finished bearing about the time the melon or squash needs the trellis. The initial labor and cost to establish the beds may be high. the sides of the beds with an organic mulch like straw, leaves or grass clippings. Intensive gardening done in containers on the patio may include a potted tomato to a variety of lettuces and spinach grown together in a container. Container and Pot Sizes: How Much Soil Do I Need. This is by far my favorite part of gardening… trying new things!! Harvest To Table Once marked, you can use a hoe or rake to move soil from paths up into beds. Without a doubt, the greatest drawback is the labor involved in double-digging the beds Initially. I swore I would never use than evil stuff again… I’d use plain string first… that stuff is awful! The goal of the method is long term sustainability on a closed system basis. The beds are also double dug, which means that the soil is worked to twice the usual depth. Caging tomatoes and trellising peas are two familiar examples. This would actually deplete nutrients from your soil. The type of vegetable determines what kind of trellis used. You can make permanent raised beds for disabled gardeners, just raise them somewhat higher for easy reaching. . I tried this in Arizona, for instance… BAD idea! Schedule plantings so no area of the garden remains empty for long. Attach strings to support the plants. More traditional gardens consist of long, single rows of vegetables spaced widely apart. May 27, 2018 - Learn how to maximize what you can produce in your vegetable garden with these intensive methods. I’ve even been known to plant lettuce under my corn so it has plenty of shade. Woods treated with these materials are greenish in color. Six to 15 hours of physical labor are required to make each bed. Do you appreciate the rugged appeal of recycled tires in your garden? Similarly, vining squash or melons can be sown between trellised pea plants. In each section, plants or seeds are carefully spaced. Longer poles made of bamboo can be arranged in teepees to support climbing vegetables like pole beans. To do this it requires great understanding of your microclimate, crop selection (especially cold-hardy crops like these ones) and careful garden planning.Because there’s always lots to do in a year-round garden I wanted to share this guide. These crops tend to produce a good yield in small areas (Like a backyard). Once established, especially with permanent “sides,” it may be difficult to use a standard size plow or tiller for cultivation. Safe preservatives include salts of copper, chromium and arsenic (indicated by combinations of initials like CCA or CAC) or by trade names like Osmose and Koppers. Good gardening practices such as watering, fertilizing, crop rotation, composting, and sanitation are especially important in an intensive garden… Many Europeans garden using a system commonly referred to as the French Intensive Gardening method, which originated in 1890 on a small plot of land on the outskirts of Paris, France. One of the better things I did when I lived in the desert was put a drip hose in the beds of vegetables that needed the most water. In your design, consider the different growing habits of vegetable plants: for example, combine upright plants like caged tomatoes with a scattering of scallions, or grow melons around sweet corn. Notice the two different raised bed techniques…. Since these beds will be in place a number of years, building up and loosening it’s soil when first establishing the beds is important. Move to the second bed and remove the top layer of soil. Plants like lettuce and radishes can be sown by lightly sprinkling seed over the bed and gradually thinning young plants to their recommended final spacing. One of the defining features of French intensive gardening is the raised beds that are used. If you are interested in preserving, a smaller garden may not provide enough produce for winter use. P.S. For example, if the seed packet says to thin lettuce so plants stand six inches apart in rows two feet apart, ignore the row spacing, and thin all lettuce plants to stand six inches apart. Intensive Gardening Method Raised Beds. Run them as a straight fence (upper left), in zigzag pattern (upper right), with space between the frames (lower left), or as an arbor (lower right). Avoid materials which have been treated with creosote or penta (pentachlorophenol). Write us and let us know what works for you and what doesn’t! A traditional example of this technique is growing beans and corn together. Make freestanding beds no higher than eight inches or they will dry too quickly or be washed easily by rains. If plants are not naturally twining, they will have to be trained or secured to trellises, and heavy fruit will require additional support. This is a good option for gardeners with sandy soil that would dry too quickly if formed in raised beds. Biointensive farming or gardening also aims to use less water and energy than traditional gardening methods, while sustaining and even building soil that’s healthy, vigorous and alive with many different kinds of microorganisms. Dump this into the first bed, breaking up any clods of clay. Intensive gardening in some spaces, row gardens in others, tight plots and spacious expanses of field crops… all have their place. Alan Chadwick and John Jeavons are popular proponents of biointensive gardening methods, and a number of the techniques stem from French intensive gardening. Remove plants once their initial flush of bearing is over. Herbal Resources – many ways to learn about herbs! The goal here is to produce a lot of food in a very small area, by putting in some serious manual labor to produce perfect planting beds and intensive plantings. Amend soil with compost or organic matter before planting, use a starter fertilizer or compost tea for early spring plantings, and top dress vegetables at the proper stage of their growth. The benefits can include greater yields per square foot, and more attractive vegetable plantings. allows them to fix nitrogen in the soil and increase this macro-nutrients availability for If you only used intensive spacing and double digging but didn’t compost, you wouldn’t be able to replenish your soil nutrients at the rate they were being used. Climbing supports must be sturdy, especially in windy sites. Raised beds warm faster and dry earlier in the spring, allowing earlier spring planting. They advocate r… An intensive garden requires detailed planning, but the time saved in working the garden and the increased yields make it well worthwhile. Make the inter-planted area no wider than what you can easily reach across to keep from trampling plants. The Multi-Bed Garden Plan. The initial labor and cost... Trellis and Vertical Growing. Backyard gardeners can easily employ intensive gardening methods to increase both the variety and yield of crops they grow. Plastic and string meshes can be disposed of, plants and all, at clean-up time. Be warned! As an Amazon Associate, we earn from qualifying purchases. This garden plan is another exact layout. A tomato plant for example, may require the sole use of a compartment, while crops like carrots can be seeded over the entire area. This technique made its way to America around 1966, thanks to Alan Chadwick who demonstrated this technique on an inhospitable hillside at the University of California’s Santa Cruz campus. By Victoria Bailey Bio-intensive gardening is a system of producing food that concentrates on harvesting the largest amount of crops using the least amount of resources. Plants can be arranged to take advantage of contrasts in texture and color, making a garden more visually interesting. Besides saving space, vegetables grown this way are easier to pick and may have less rot because the fruit does not contact the soil. Raised beds are not the answer for all gardeners lacking space. Removing dead plants from chicken wire fencing is frustrating and futile. . For some gardeners a small garden is not practical. You can arrange vertical frames in a number of ways. As in any system, intensive gardening has a few problems. How to Store Harvest, Cure, and Store Winter Squash. Only one season outline your freestanding beds no higher than eight inches or they may require extra water a! Small garden is not practical double dug, which may discourage pollinators like bees, and way. 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