In Karnataka state, Christinity is followed by 1.87 %, Jainism by 0.72 %, Sikhism by 0.05 % and Buddhism by 0.05 %. The Vishishtadvaita Ramanuja, considered a saint in Sri Sampradaya, who fled persecution by the Shaiva Chola dynasty of Tamil Nadu, spent from 1098-1122 in Karnataka. This period is the beginning of Hindu rock cut architecture, both in stand alone and cave temple idioms, numerous examples of which exist in Pattadakal, Aihole and Badami - (Badami Cave Temples). As per the 2001 census, the eight largest cities of Karnataka in order of their population are Bengaluru, H… [1] The speakers of Telugu language form the native ethnic group of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, the neighbouring states of Karnataka. The population density of the state is 319 per sq. Fearing persecution from the Tamil CholasRamanujacharya fled Tamil Nadu and came to Karnataka during the rule of the Hoysala dynasty and preached his philosophy from Melukote. [13] The main spoken language of Muslims in Karnataka is a dialect called dakhini which consists of Urdu and few others. [1] Other linguistic minorities in the state are Tulu, Kodava, Konkani and Urdu. There is a decadal increase in population of 17.3% from 1991 to 2001. Their successors, the Rashtrakuta created master piece temples further favoring Dravidian concepts. In the 12th century, social reforms emerged in northern Karnataka as a protest against the rigidity of the prevailing social and caste system. In addition, the Nizams of Hyderabad ruled over large parts of Northeastern Karnataka. Many of them are of local origin. the majority of Christians found in west coast of Karnataka that is from Karwar to Mangalore. The population of Karnataka is further divided into different religions originating in the state. Of this, 50.9% are male and 49.1% are female. Bangalore has a large number of Catholics as well as Protestant people. Other linguistic minorities in the state are Tulu, Kodava, Konkani, Urdu, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Hindi and Malayalam. There are 17.15% Scheduled Caste (SC) and 6.95% Scheduled Tribe (ST) of total population in Karnataka. This land came under Mughal rule in the 17th century under Aurangzeb's rule. [9], Official Census Portal of Mysore District [1], "Population of Corporation/CMC/TMC/TP, Population 2001 Census", "Population by religion community – 2011", "Total population by religious communities", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Demographics_of_Karnataka&oldid=998688539, Demographics of India by state or union territory, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 15:47. The districts bordering Kerala. Telugu is the official language of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana states spoken by 88.5% of the population. Hinduism is majority religion in state of Karnataka with 84.00 % followers. There is a decadal increase in population of 17.3% from 1991 to 2001. As per official census 2011 and population data 2020 of Bangalore district, Hindu are … Most of their temples in Karnataka are scattered over northern Karnataka districts. Additionally, 0.27% of the people consider themselves to be not associated with any religion. Demographics - Population, Age Group Population, Religion, Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe, Others, Projected Total Population, Projected Rural and Urban Population, Town and Village-wise Total Population in All Districts Karnataka It was created on 1 November 1956, with the passing of the States Reorganisation Act.Karnataka is bordered by the Arabian Sea to the west, Goa to the north-west, Maharashtra to the north, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh to the east, Tamil Nadu to the south-east, and Kerala to the south-west. Kannada is the official language of Karnataka. Karnataka, with a total population of 61,100,000, is one of the major states in South India. The Badami Chalukyas spawned the Vesara style of architecture and experimented with several myriad styles with frequent intermixing of Nagara and Dravida concepts. Jainism had a stronghold in Karnataka in the early medieval period at Shravanabelagola as its most important centre. [9][10] Following the 12th century, various invading Islamic armies established sultanates in this area such as the Bahamani sultanate of Bidar (1347–1510) and the Adilshahi dynasty of the Bijapur Sultanate (1490–1686). The Dvaita Madhvacharya was born in Karnataka. Muslims introduced coffee, and the paper industry to the local economy. Islam arrived in Karnataka and Kerala in the 7th century with Arab merchants trading in spices. Muslims are minority in Karnataka state forming 12.92% of total population. Gadaga, Chamarajanagara and Kodagu districts have a population of less than a million. They violently resisted British rule in the area, but without adequate cooperation from other kingdoms, were defeated. The Karnataka population includes people from different ethnic backgrounds and religious group. The Centre For Policy Studies (CPS) recently published its demographic findings on Muslim and Christian minorities in Karnataka, based on the religion data of Census 2011, on its official blog. People belonging to Muslim, Christian, Buddhist, Jain, Sikh and Parsi communities come under religious minorities. It was during the reign of the Hoysalas that the temple architecture reached its epoch and gained recognition as an independent style called (Henry Ferguson, Percy Brown) owing to its many unique features. [8], Today, Islam and Christianity have a sizable following in Karnataka and have contributed to the cultural cosmopolitanism of the state. DEMOGRAPHY OF KARNATAKA: The proficiency rate was 75.36% according to the last information records. Population Of India. The population of religious minorities as per 2011 Census is about 96,00,475 which forms 15.92% of the total population of Karnataka. The joint family system is prevalent in the rural areas of Karnataka and there are extreme cases like the Narasinganavars who reside in the Dharwad district and are recognised as one of the largest undivided families in the world. Christians constitute 2.29 per cent of the total population, while in Karnataka, they comprised 1.91 per cent of the entire state’s population in 2011. In Karnataka, Sikhs, Buddhists, and (The percentage has been calculated with Karnataka’s population as six crore, although the Census 2011 shows the state population as 6.1 crore.) The Lingayats even want to be recognised as a separate religion, a demand backed by the Siddaramaiah government. Most Muslims in Karnataka also speak Kannada, Telugu and Sindhi. As per the census data, Karnataka is the ninth most populated state in the country. km. Hinduism is majority religion in state of Karnataka with 84.00 % followers. Karnataka played a very important role in shaping present day Indian religion and philosophy. Get Population Density, Religion Data and literacy data of Karnataka India as per Census 2011 Data. The literacy rate is 75.4% (as per the 2011 census). Though killed by the British in 1799, Tippu Sultan was one of the only Indian leaders to defeat the British in battle,[11] which made him as an iconic leader among the people in the modern era. [citation needed]. Muslim Population in Karnataka is 78.93 Lakhs (12.92 percent) of total 6.11 Crore. Shravanabelagola, Mudabidri, Karkala are famous for Jain history and monuments. (estimated). This figure is much less than the national population density of 382 per sq. It is also here where the current day Dzogchen Monastery and the Dhondeling Tibetan Refugee camps are set up and the Tibetans are very well absorbed in the Kannadiga culture. [7], Christianity reached Karnataka in the 16th century with the arrival of the Portuguese and St. Francis Xavier in 1545. Karnataka has a sex ratio of 973 females to 1000 males. (AFP Photo) 84% of the people were Hindu, 14% Muslim, 1% Christian, 0.15% Buddhist and 0.05% Sikh. [5] In recent times, Buddhism thrives here and calls Dzogchen monastery and the Dhondeling Tibetan refugee camps as home. Protestants are the result of British missionaries' work during the British empire in India. At the census 2001, out of 1028 million population, little over 827 million (80.5%) have returned themselves as followers of Hindu religion, 138 million (13.4%) as Muslims or the followers of Islam, 24 million (2.3%) as Christians, 19 million (1.9%) as Sikh, 8 million (0.80%) as Buddhists and 4 … The three most important schools of Vedanta Hinduism, Advaita Vedanta, Vishishtadvaita and Dvaita, blossomed in Karnataka. 1. Muslims form approximately 12.91% of the population of Karnataka. [2] Udupi, Shringeri, Gokarna and Melukote are well known places of Sanskrit and Vedic learning. This land only became part of Karnataka after the passing of the 1956 States Reorganisation Act. [12] While Muslims can be found in all districts of Karanataka, Muslims have a stronger presence in:[13][14] [14], On the other hand, the proportion of Muslims is lower in central Karnataka. Islam, which had an early presence in the west coast of India as early as the 10th century gained a foothold in Karnataka with the arrival of the Bahmani Sultanate and Adil Shahi dynasty, which ruled parts of Karnataka. … [2] Karnataka is also in the forefront of population control measures with the world's first two birth control clinics being set up in 1930 in the Mandya district. They are mostly descended from Goan Catholics and Orthodox Christian's who immigrated from Goa in the 17th and 18th centuries. In Karnataka, the population grew from 5,28,50,562 (2001 census) to 6,10,95,297 (2011 census). 3. Out of total population, 61.33% of population lives in Urban area and 38.67% lives in Rural area. Christianity arrived in Karnataka between 1500-1600 CE with the Portuguese. The Ganga Dynasty of Talakad built many Jaina monuments including the monolithic statue of Gomateshwara at Shravanabelagola. languages in karnataka. The religion-wise data of religious communities released by the Registrar-General and Census Commissioner for Karnataka provides some interesting insights in the distribution of the religious communit St. Mary's Basilica is the only basilica in Karnataka and the oldest church in Bangalore. As per the census of 2001, the industrially progressive state of Karnataka… Given below is a composite table of languages and religions of Karnataka at the census 2001 Government Census (2001)[8] Kannada 68.5 %, Urdu 10.5 %, Telugu 6.2 %, Marathi 3.3 %, Tamil 3.2 %, Tulu 2.1 %, Hindi 2.6%, Konkani 1.0 %, Beary 1.3 %, other 0.8 %. The population of children between age 0-6 is 107841 which is 9.96% of total population. The cities of Bangalore, Mysore and Mangalore. mi). With the disintegration of Mughal rule, Hyder Ali and his son Tippu Sultan established their rule over the Mysore area. According to the 2011 census of India, the total population of Karnataka is 6.25 crores. A chance discovery of edicts and several Mauryan relics at Sannati in the Gulbarga district in 1986 has proven that the Krishna river basin was once home to both Mahayana and Theravada Buddhism. It was here the Jain religion got a warm welcome and enjoyed a glorious growth during the medieval period. Mysore is a Munciple Corporation + Outgrowth city situated in Mysore taluka of Mysore district. The state government of Karnataka has granted a separate religion tag to the Lingayats, who make up to 17 percent of the population of the southern state. The Mysore city is divided into 72 wards for which elections are held every 5 years. The total area of Karnataka is 191791 sq.km with population density of 319 per sq.km. The Scheduled Castes (SCs) account for 19.5% of the total population in the state, making it the single-largest caste entity. Muslims also have modestly higher levels of progress in terms of education and wealth in Karnataka (as in the rest of South India) than in states of North India, as they are comparatively given more opportunities than their North Indian counterparts.[15]. 2. DEMOGRAPHY OF KARNATAKA: Out of total population of Karnataka 84.00% of its occupantswere Hindu, 12.92% Muslim, 1.87% Christian, 0.16% Buddhist and 0.05% were Sikhs. According to the census data seen by News18, Dalits and Muslims outnumber Lingayats and Vokkaligas. In Karnataka state, Christinity is followed by 1.87 %, Jainism by 0.72 %, Sikhism by 0.05 % and Buddhism by 0.05 %. Bengaluru Urban and Belagavi are the most populous Districts, each of them having a population of more than three million. Udupi, Sringeri, Gokarna and Melukote are well known places of Sanskrit learning and Vedic learning. In the 12th century AD, Virashaivism spread from northern Karnataka across the Deccan. Religion and caste. Both Jain philosophy and literature have contributed immensely to the religious and cultural landscape of Karnataka. Islam is followed with majority in 0 out of 30 districts. Karnataka State population in India Census 2011 is 61095297 and area is 191791 Square KM. Religion in Karnataka has played a very important role in shaping modern Indian religions and philosophy. The great saint Madhvacharya (1238-1317 AD), proponent of dvaita philosophy and Raghavendra Swami were born here. Religious Minorities in Karnataka. The Empires and Kingdoms that came to rule from Karnataka were prolific builders. Islam is second most popular religion in state of Karnataka with approximately 12.92 % following it. Adi Sankara, proponent of advaita found enlightenment in Sringeri which became the first of four mathas he established in India. Later the Vijayanagar Empire would incorporate all these various styles and create a unique blend called Vijayanagar style, At least 30% of the population may have been Jains during the time of the, Fearing persecution by the Cholas who were staunch, Encyclopaedia of India: Karnataka, Pran Nath Chopra (1992), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Religion_in_Karnataka&oldid=979567650, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 September 2020, at 13:30. Additionally, 0.27% of the population did not express their religion (Atheist). There are also some Protestants found in Karnataka. Religion-wise population in Karnataka Hinduism (84.00%) Islam (12.92%) Christianity (1.87%) km (830/sq. Northern Karnataka (especially in the area formerly ruled by the Princely State of Hyderabad) such as Gulbarga, Bidar, Bijapur, Raichur and Dharwad. Christian Population in Karnataka is 11.43 Lakhs (1.87 percent) of total 6.11 Crore. The Advaita Adi Shankara chose Shringeri in Karnataka to establish the first of his four mathas. Kerala district wise population, population based on religion in Kerala. Islam is second most popular religion in state of Karnataka with approximately 12.92 % following it. As per 2011 census, the Population density is 319 per km², the sex ratio is 973 females to 1000 males and 38.67% of the people in Karnataka live in urban areas. Of this, 50.9% are male and 49.1% are female. At the national level, Sikhs, Buddhists and Jains put together form 2.77 per cent of the national population in 2011. [3], According to the 2011 census of India, the total population of Karnataka is 6.25 crores. Get complete demographics about Kerala. 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