[27] White Elk said only two Cheyenne were killed, but he saw 50 or 60 Lakota dead – more, he said, than were killed in the Battle of the Little Big Horn 10 years later. He doubled the number of guards for the wood trains and kept the 50 serviceable horses the fort still possessed – having lost many in Indian raids – saddled and ready to sally from dawn to dark. Ten Eyck was accused of cowardice and drunkenness and was permitted to retire from the army. Dealer at Hollywood Collector's shows (Ray Courts shows and his successors), Cinecon (Hollywood), Cinevent (Columbus) and many others. The decoy trick had worked on December 6 and they decided to try it again, this time with a force adequate to destroy any group of soldiers sent to chase them. Carrington's case was that Fetterman was arrogant, insubordinate, and inexperienced in fighting Indians and that he had given Fetterman explicit orders not to venture beyond the summit of Lodge Trail Ridge. Banner, WY: 1993. Carrington left Fort Kearny on January 23 with his wife and the other women and children, including the pregnant wife of the deceased Lieutenant Grummond. If the Indians attacked, the 10 women and children at the fort were ordered to get into the magazine. Their bodies were found in a small circle, huddled together for defense. Guthrie, John. Meanwhile, Carrington dispatched another group of 42 soldiers to join Ten Eyck. Rather, they struck at the rear and flanks of an opponent, using mounted mobility to probe for weaknesses and attempt to cause disorganization and panic, backing off if they encountered a stout defense, and closing in for the kill when they could do so with little risk of heavy casualties.[29]. According to Margret Irvin Carrington in her book Absaraka: Home of the Crows. She said these orders were given twice, the second time by Carrington from the sentry walk after ordering the soldiers to halt as they left the front gate of the fort. Indian accounts credit a Lakota warrior named American Horse with killing Fetterman by slashing his throat. [7]:198, 205, General Cooke, on receipt of Carrington's distress message, immediately ordered that he be relieved of command by Brigadier General Henry W. Wessells, who arrived safely at Fort Kearny on January 16 with two companies of cavalry and four of infantry. Carrington had 700 soldiers and 300 civilians in his command. Captain Frederick Brown, until recently the post quartermaster and another of Carrington's critics, and two civilians, James Wheatley and Isaac Fisher, joined Fetterman, bringing the relief force up to 81 officers and men. The Fetterman Fight, also known as the Fetterman Massacre or the Battle of the Hundred-in-the-Hands or the Battle of a Hundred Slain,[1] was a battle during Red Cloud's War on December 21, 1866, between a confederation of the Lakota, Cheyenne, and Arapaho tribes and a detachment of the United States Army, based at Fort Phil Kearny, Wyoming. The tour marks the archaeological remains of the fort's buildings. Some historians interpreted that as a tribute to his bravery in standing alone against several armed enemies. Fetterman Massacre European-American immigrants traveling along the Bozeman Trail passed through Fort Phil Kearny, Wyoming. Fetterman may have shot himself just before American Horse cut his throat. We've curated a list of lesser-known films to help you explore the space-time continuum from the comfort of your couch. The Fetterman fight soured the mood of the nation and the government on defending the Bozeman Trail. 'The health of Mrs Grummond was such that Lieutenant Wands and other friends urged him, for his family's sake, to be prudent, and avoid all rash movements and any pursuit that would draw them over Lodge Trail Ridge, and to report to Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel Fetterman the orders he had received. When attacked, the cavalry retreated uphill and southward, toward Fetterman and Fort Kearny. The actor Robert Fuller played the role of Fetterman in the episode, "Massacre at Fort Phil Kearny", which aired on October 26, 1966, on NBC's anthology television series, Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre. Others who appeared in the segment were Richard Egan and Phyllis Avery as Colonel Henry Carrington and h… A few of the cavalry were with Fetterman, but Grummond and most of the cavalry apparently were a mile ahead of the infantry, near the flat along Peno Creek and possibly chasing other decoys. John Guthrie is credited as being the artist, and indeed a Sergeant John Guthrie was a Doyle, Susan Badger. More than four decades later, Frances Carrington, Henry’s second wife, repeated the boast attributed to Fetterman almost verbatim in her 1910 book My Army Life: A Soldier’s Wife at Fort Phil Kearny. (26 Oct 1966). The mutilated bodies of Bingham and a sergeant were found several hours later. Eyewitness testimonies and historians stated that Red Cloud was present in the battle, although his role during the fighting is unknown. Monnett, John H. Eyewitness to the Fetterman Fight: Indian Views. They braved temperatures as low as -38°F (-39°C) during the journey to Fort Laramie. Want to share IMDb's rating on your own site? The Fetterman Massacre was a significant battle during Red Cloud's War on December 21, 1866, between soldiers of the U.S. Army based at Fort Phil Kearny, Wyoming, and the Lakota, Cheyenne, and Arapaho Indians. His pickets on Pilot Hill signaled that an Army wood train was being attacked 4 miles west of the fort. [2] The Lakota and their allies were operating without the consent of the Crow. The Wagon Box Fight was an engagement on August 2, 1867, in the vicinity of Fort Phil Kearny, Wyoming, during Red Cloud's War.A party of 26 US Army soldiers and 6 civilians were attacked by several hundred Lakota Sioux warriors. Lambert, Joseph. [4] About 400 of his soldiers and most of the civilians were stationed at Fort Kearny. Original TV Movie Still. Previous Next (For a day tour covering all historic sites, including the Brinton Museum, consider starting your tour early in the cool of the day at Fort Phil Kearny) TO GET TO FORT PHIL KEARNY FROM LAZY R: Take I-90 headed east for approximately 36 miles to Exit 44. The dispatch from Colonel Henry B. Carrington at Fort Phil Kearny stated that three officers, 92 men, and two citizens had been massacred four days earlier near the fort. One Hundred Years With the Second Cavalry. Lieutenant Wands was also instructed to repeat them. The battlefield was examined briefly and the bodies of soldiers removed quickly. University of New Mexico Press (July 16, 2010). [7]:157 Carrington's first opportunity to strike back came on December 6. Visitors can also tour the nearby battlefields which are located within a five-mile radius of the visitor center and include interpretive trails. Colonel Henry Carrington runs a severe command but finds his authority challenged by the more likeable Captain William Fetterman. All extra ammunition and explosives were deposited in a powder magazine ringed with wagons. [22], The Indians stripped and mutilated the soldiers' bodies before leaving[7]:188 in an apparent mirror of the Sand Creek Massacre of two years before. Captains Fetterman and Brown are reputed to have committed suicide by shooting each other in the head to avoid capture, but the official army autopsy report gives a throat wound as the cause of Fetterman's death. An investigation absolved him of blame, but the report was not made public. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read My Army Life and the Fort Phil Kearny Massacre (Abridged, Annotated). The decoys led him onward, with the cavalry leaving the infantry behind. The two civilians, Wheatley and Fisher, had their faces smashed into bloody pulp, and Wheatley had been pierced by more than a hundred arrows. The U.S. military mission was intended to protect travelers on the Bozeman Trail. "Indian Perspectives on the Bozeman Trail", Vaughn, p. 72–80; Grinnell, pp. Less than seven days after that speech, the Sioux went to Fort Phil Kearny, the new sentinel of the Oregon Trail. Ten Eyck advanced carefully up Lodge Trail Ridge. Carrington ordered a relief party composed of 49 infantrymen of the 18th Infantry and 27 mounted troopers of the 2nd Cavalry under the command of Captain James Powell. He arrived at Fort Laramie late in the evening on December 25 during a full-dress Christmas ball, and staggered, exhausted, into the party to deliver his message. All 81 men under the command of Captain William J. Fetterman were then killed by the Native American warriors. A cabin built by the Civilian Conservation Corps has been furnished to depict the period quarters of an officer's wife and a non-commissioned officer's quarters. Counting Fetterman and his men, in less than six months at Fort Kearny, Carrington had lost 96 soldiers and 58 civilians. Get a sneak peek of the new version of this page. "[11] Many other officers shared Fetterman's feelings. Leading the cavalrymen was Lieutenant Horatio S. Bingham. Carrington spent the rest of his life attempting to repair his tarnished reputation as a soldier.[7]:217–218. [32], Also, in the case of Captain Tenodor Ten Eyck, who was sent by Carrington to support or rescue Fetterman when the sounds of battle were heard at Fort Kearny, the captain was accused[33] of having been slow to march to the aid of Fetterman, taking a longer route to reach him. That afternoon, wagons were sent to bring the bodies back to Fort Kearny. Powell remained behind. Carrington sent Phillips and another messenger, Philip Bailey, out that evening on the best remaining horses. Carrington gathered together about 75 men under Captain Ten Eyck and sent them out on foot to search for Fetterman. [5] By 1860, these traditional enemies of the Crow had taken control of their hunting grounds west of Powder River. “Fetterman Massacre,” Annals of Wyoming 9 (October 1932): 714-718. Carrington reported that he had killed 10 Indians, but both Fetterman and he were sobered by the shortcomings in organization and discipline of their largely inexperienced soldiers. Within a short time, the signal came that the wood train was no longer under attack. [28] Years later, Red Cloud remembered the names of 11 Oglala who had been killed in the battle. — Roundup Magazine After the loss of her first husband Frances went on to marry Colonel Henry B. Carrington. Capt. It was out of sight, but only about 4 miles from Fort Kearny. A grand attack had been planned with care and nearly every well-known Sioux chief had agreed to strike the invaders. In 1867, the army designated a new outpost in the Dakota Territory as "Fort Fetterman" in honor of the slain officer. Just before the battle, Red Cloud called for the Lakotas' most powerful "half-man", a hermaphrodite who was believed to have special powers, to give advice from the butte overlooking the proposed ambush site. It is an insult to the spirits of our ancestors. Dakotas, I am for war!” He saw no Indians during his ride. The Fetterman Fight took place on Crow Indian land that was guaranteed to them by a treaty signed with the US government. University of Oklahoma Press; 1st edition (March 23, 2017). You must be a registered user to use the IMDb rating plugin. Washington, 1910, p. 69. The staff member used the model to explain the location of the fort… View production, box office, & company info. The dispatch from Colonel Henry B. Carrington at Fort Phil Kearny stated that three officers, 92 men, and two citizens had been massacred four days earlier near the fort. [7]:171–173, The morning of December 21, 1866, was clear and cold. The warriors, possibly numbering more than 1,000, congregated about 10 miles north of Fort Kearny, reconnoitered, and decided the best place to lay the trap was along the Bozeman Trail north of Lodge Trail Ridge. About three times as many Lakota participated in the battle as did Cheyenne and Arapaho. Red Cloud was born in 1821 into the Oglala tribe - one of seven Lakota tribes, known by non-Natives as the… [7]:193–194, Carrington and a detail of 80 men marched cautiously out of Fort Kearny on December 22 as the blizzard was approaching and gathered the remaining bodies of those killed. Depicts Richard Egan and Don Taylor in a scene from the made for TV movie "Massacre at Fort Phile Kearny". At Fort Phil Kearny In an idyllic location 20 miles south of Sheridan WY, a gentle ridge huddles between the Bighorn Mountains and plains to the east. Those Indians and others harassed Fetterman as he climbed Lodge Trail Ridge and disappeared out of sight of the fort. Fetterman's infantry took up a position among some large rocks and in hand-to-hand fighting, 49 of his men and he died. [9] The Native American warriors, invariably mounted, generally appeared in groups of 20 to 100. He advanced along a narrow ridge leading to a flat area along Peno Creek. Almost 90 soldiers were detailed to guard the wagon train. He allegedly boasted, "Give me 80 men and I can ride through the whole Sioux nation. One man in his command froze to death during the journey. Fetterman had been garrisoned at nearby Ft Phil Kearny, one of three posts along the Bozeman Trail in present-day Wyoming. Our old chiefs thought to show their friendship and good will, when they allowed this dangerous snake in our midst. Colonel Henry Carrington runs a severe command but finds his authority challenged by the more likeable Captain William Fetterman. His presence here is an insult and a threat. They dispatched the 18th Infantry of the U.S. Army to Fort Phil Kearny, led by Colonel Henry B. Carrington. This FAQ is empty. Although outnumbered, the soldiers were armed with newly supplied breech-loading Springfield Model 1866 rifles and Lever Action Henry rifles, and had a … Another officer of the 18th, Lieutenant George W. Grummond, a known critic of Carrington, led the cavalry, which had been leaderless since Bingham's death in early December. Bingham and Fetterman were Civil War veterans, and Fetterman had a distinguished war record. The Plains Indians rarely mounted a direct charge at a foe capable of defense. Calitri suggests that he was reckless and possibly disobeyed orders during the December 6 fight. [7]:147–150, Although he had no experience fighting Indians, Fetterman criticized Carrington's defensive posture and expressed contempt about the Indian foes. The Indians sniped at the soldiers while organizing a charge, and then rushed in among the soldiers, killing them all. Carrington reemphasized to his soldiers his policy of caution until reinforcements and additional horses and supplies arrived from Fort Laramie. Less than an hour later, Carrington's pickets on Pilot Hill signaled by flag that the wagon train was under attack. Metzger was the only soldier whose dead body was not mutilated. Title: He was accompanied by infantry Captains William J. Fetterman and James W. Powell. Carrington's guide, famous mountain man Jim Bridger, was more succinct: "These soldiers don't know anything about fighting Indians". [7]:174–177, About noon in the fort, Carrington and his men heard heavy firing to their north. His cavalry under Grummond took the van, moving at a walk so the infantry could keep up. [1] A total of 81 American soldiers and civilians died in the battle. The Fetterman Massacre Called a massacre at the time, the December 1866 clash near Fort Phil Kearny was, in fact, a military triumph by the Plains Indians and the Army's greatest blunder in the West until the Battle of the Little Bighorn 10 years later. Use the HTML below. Fort Phil Kearny/ Bozeman Trail Association. The Indians covered him with a buffalo hide. Carrington told Fetterman to proceed west with a company of cavalry and a squad of mounted infantry to relieve the wood train. "For the first time in its history, the United States government had negotiated a peace which conceded everything demanded by the enemy and which extracted nothing in return. Carrington's message to General Cooke told of the Fetterman disaster and requested immediate reinforcements and repeating Spencer carbines. Universal Studios - 100 Universal City Plaza, Universal City, California, USA. 206–209. Carrington himself led another mounted detachment to circle north in an attempt to cut off the Indians' retreat. The bodies of Fetterman and his soldiers were found more than half a mile beyond the summit of the ridge. Fort Phil Kearney, Fetterman Massacre and The Wagon Box Fight. Monnett, John H., Where a Hundred Soldiers Were Killed: The Struggle for the Powder River Country in 1866 and the Making of the Fetterman Myth. 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