But cotton bursts out, high temperature is injurious. Explain the climatic conditions required for the production of cotton. is one of the most important fibre producing plants. It requires high temperature, light rainfall or irrigation. e. Rainfall- 50 to 100cm Cotton grows well in warm and moist climate where summer is long and where there is salinity in the soil. India has a major share of cultivation of jute and cotton of the world. In the primary stage cold moisture rich climate and at the time of harvesting bright hot climate is required. Cotton. Cotton Cultivation – Growing Cotton from Seed . Gujarat and Maharastra are the two leading cotton … Another useful and more precise way to assess crop development relies on using daily temperatures during the season to monitor progress (Table 1). For example, they are trained to use water and pesticides more efficiently, promote safe working conditions and care for the health of the soil. Well drained clayey soil rich in lime and phosphate is suitable for the growth of cotton … The conditions required for their cultivation Cotton: Jute: It requires high temperature. Soil: Fertile alluvial soil or mixed soil is ideal for wheat cultivation. Answer : (i)The word agriculture is derived from the Latin words agri – meaning soil – and culture – meaning cultivation or tilling of soil. (iii) It also requires 210 frost free days and bright sunshine for its growth. Heavy rainfall. The growth of the cotton plant is very predictable under favorable moisture and temperature conditions. Rainfall more than 85cm can destroy the crop. (b) Rainfall :- Annual rainfall should be between 75 cm and 100 cm, irrigation needed where low rainfall takes place. 4. It grows well in the drier parts of the black cotton soil of the Deccan Plateau. Some weeding is required to help grow the plants. The main cotton-producing districts of Karnataka are Haveri, Dharwad, Gadag, Mysuru, Ballari, Raichur, Kalaburagi, Belagavi, Chitradurga, Davanagere, Koppal and Vijayapura. Hard-frost is injurious to cotton cultivation and it requires at least 210 frost-free days. The climatic condition for cotton cultivation is mentioned below : Seventy percent of cotton is rainfed. Cotton, jute, hemp and natural silk are the major fibre crops of India. The cotton plant requires high temperature ranging between 21 0 C to 30 0 C. Moderate rainfall ranging between 50 -75 cm is required fro the growth of plant. b. (ii) It requires high temperature, light rainfall or irrigation. Soil Requirement for Cotton Production:-Cotton can be cultivated in a wide range of soils. Q60. These soil may include the red-brown, yellow-brown, grey-brown and black types. However, since we expect to take a fairly uniform and satisfactory production every year, we cultivate it as annual. OR. d. Temperature- above 21 C . Geographical conditions required for growing cotton are: (i) Cotton grows well in drier parts of the black cotton soil of the Deccan plateau. Cultivation. A perennial, cotton grows in tropical and subtropical locations. Small patches for cultivation; Not sufficient for feeding a large population. Cotton is a tropical or sub-tropical crop grown in semi-arid areas of the country (mainly in the Deccan Plateau). The cotton plant grows to a height of more than 1 metre. Tea grows well in the regions which receive rainfall in between 150 … Since Maharashtra has black soil and the climatic conditions so cotton grows well in Maharashtra. Q.12. Geographical conditions required for the cultivation of cotton: This is … 3. Cotton is the most important among the natural plant fibers and land for cotton cultivation covers large areas of the planet. The cotton bolls appear in about 6 months. Cotton – Cotton is an important cash crop of the state with an area of about 5.83 lakh hectares. Processes involved in its cultivation. Although the geographical conditions required for its cultivation are similar to those for wheat, it has more tolerance for adverse environmental conditions. It is defined as the science and art of cultivation of soil, raising crops and rearing livestock. With so much cotton being produced globally, we have to take a closer look at some of the issues, concerns, and solutions to the production of this so-called “white gold” and ask – just how ethical is cotton? Grows well in black and alluvial soil. 50-120 cm of rainfall well distributed during the period of growth. The ideal conditions for the production of cotton are: Climate: Cotton grows well in warm and moist climate where summer is long and where there is salinity in the soil.Temperature: Cotton grown well in a temperature of 24°C. Cultivation of Cotton & Jute in India Jute and Cotton are natural Fibres. c. Type- kharif crop . But cottonbursts out, high temperature is injurious. Describe four geographical conditions required for the growth of cotton. High temperature required. Geographical requirement for sugarcane :-(a) Climate:- It is a tropical crop and it grows well in hot and humid climate with a temperatures of 21°C to 27°C. Despite the global area devoted to cotton cultivation remaining constant for the past 70 years, cotton production has depleted and degraded the soil in many areas. Clear sunshine & proper moisture level during boll formation is required. The ideal rainfall of 60 to 100 cm is required for cotton cultivation of cotton. (iv) Plantation agriculture is a type of commercial farming where only a single crop (like tea, coffee, sugarcane, cashew, rubber, banana or cotton) is grown. Name the fibre crops and the climatic conditions required for their growth. Light rainfall, 210 frost free days, bright sunshine for its growth. Summer temperatures of 21°C to 27°C, and abundant sunshine is necessary during the growth of the plant. The geographical conditions required for the cultivation of the cotton are as under: 1.Tropical and sub tropical humid climate. Geographical Conditions of Growth: This is grown mainly as a dry crop. Cotton requires a lot of water but is mostly grown in arid conditions. The share of Ganga delta contributes for about 85% of the World-wide Jute cultivation. Answer: Cotton plant needs 20 °C to 32 °C of temperature and at least 200 frost free days. The sticky black cotton soil of Deccan Trap with greater moisture retaining capacity is ideal for cotton cultivation. It’s … It is grown in black clayey soil with warm climate. It grows best on black and alluvial soils. The soil temperature must be 60 degrees Fahrenheit or higher for cotton seeds to successfully germinate. Cultivation of Jute in India Jute is an important natural fibre. Only light-rainfall (50 to 100 centimetres) is preferred. Cotton cultivation severely degrades soil quality. 2.Annual temperature required 20°-28°C. When the cotton bolls mature, they burst open. Temperature: Cotton grown well in a temperature of 24°C. It also requires 210 frost free days and bright sunshine for its growth. 2. 4.200 frost free days. Answer : Haryana and Uttar Pradesh are the two major cotton producing states of North India. 3.Annual rainfall of 50-100 cm ideal for cotton growth. Ans. Due to climate, the growing areas are limited to a belt of 30° south and north from the equator (see Fig. Immediately after this, the cotton fluff should be picked. Ans. Cotton is a fibre crop and it provides the raw material for cotton textiles. (v) Name the fibre crops and name the climatic conditions required for their growth. This is the crop grown in the wheat producing area on the poor soil and in area of lower precipitation. Cotton grows well in drier parts of the black cotton soil of the Deccan Plateau. Jute and cotton are fibre crops. By using a holistic approach, BCI aims to make cotton cultivation better for the people who produce it, better for the … Climate and Soil requirement for Cotton Production: The hot and moist climate is ideal for cotton farming. The possibilities of improving any Cotton plant for a better production per acre are almost unlimited. Describe the geographical conditions required for the cultivation of cotton. Although cotton can be grown between latitudes 30° N and 30° S, yield and fibre quality are considerably influenced by climatic conditions, and best qualities are obtained with high moisture levels resulting from rainfall or irrigation during the growing season and a dry, warm season during the picking period. What climatic conditions are required for growing cotton? Favourable geographical conditions for cotton: a. Cotton: The Thirsty Crop. Climatic conditions required for their growth are: Cotton - Cotton requires high temperature, light rainfall, two hundred and ten frost-free days and bright sunshine for its growth. As it happens with tomato, pepper and other plants, cotton plants are perennial by nature. Hot climate. Planting occurs in the spring after all danger of frost has passed. In areas where low rainfall is recorded, cotton is grown under irrigated conditions. (i) Temperature : Cotton needs a warm climate. Rainfall: 50 cm to 100 cm rainfall is required for wheat cultivation. The Ganga delta […] What geographical conditions are required for the growth of tea and coffee? (c) Soil:- Alluvial soil is best suited Region :- Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra are the two largest producers of sugarcane. It requires high temperature, light, rainfall or irrigation. To explain the economic importance of cotton cultivation, it can be explained in this way: Cotton In many countries cotton (Gossypium spp.) (iv) It’s a Kharif crop and requires 6 to 8 months to mature. The geographical conditions required for the growth of cotton, the most important fibre crop of India are as follows : Cotton is a kharif crop and requires high temperature, light rainfall or irrigation, … 2.3).The largest cotton producing areas are located in the USA, China, Paraguay, Mexico, Pakistan, Australia, Brazil, the C.I.S., Turkey, Sudan and Egypt. Also mention the major cotton producing states of India. When its plant starts flowering, they give flowers of yellowish-white colour which turns red after few days. Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the mallow family Malvaceae.The fiber is almost pure cellulose.Under natural conditions, the cotton bolls will increase the dispersal of the seeds. Conditions required for Cotton cultivation. A large amount of labour and capital are required. Rainfall: 60-100 cm rainfallis essential for the cultivation ofcotton. It does not do well in regions that have prolonged dry or wet spells. Kharif. Growth follows a well-defined and consistent pattern expressed in days. Asked by Topperlearning User | 25th May, 2015, 03:04: PM. In India, cotton is mainly cultivated in the states of Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu and Madhya Pradesh. Abundant sunshine and no rain is required during ripening and picking period. Grows well in alluvial soils. High temperature is harmful for the cultivation of wheat. 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